Anthony Rogers – A Tory from the Kingdom of the original Tories?

Last week, while celebrating Independence Day, I decided to poke around the American Revolution, learning more about the War and my ancestors’ varied roles in it. I started out by looking some more for the origins of my Loyalist ancestor, Anthony Rogers, and I quickly went off on a very interesting tangent that took me somewhere new to me – Medieval Ireland.

I have always used the term “Loyalist” in searches for Anthony Rogers, because that is the label favored by Loyalists. I have always heard him described as a Loyalist, and that is how I think of him. It is a nice word. But, it finally occurred to me to use the term that was used derisively by the Patriots, “Tory.” I could not believe what I found!

Off the northern coast of Ireland, in County Donegal, there is an island about 3 miles long called Tory Island, and it is inhabited by less than 200 people, a significant portion of whom are named Rogers! [1] No, I am not kidding, dreaming, or hallucinating. The island is largely populated by the remnants of an ancient Donegal clan, whose Gaelic name, Ruarí [2] or MacRuardhri, [3] or O’Ruardhri, [4] or Roarty [5] has been Anglicized to “Rogers,” and sometimes “Rodgers.” But wait! It gets even better. The name “Anthony Rogers” is currently popular there, having been preceded by “Anton Rogers.” [6] The current King of Tory Island is a man named Patsy Dan
Rodgers, or Patsaí Dan Mac Ruaidhrí. [7]

Could my ancestor, Anthony Rogers, be related to these Celts named Rogers who still
primarily speak Gaelic? Could this American Tory’s forefathers have come to America from the place that historian Robin Fox believes to be the genesis of the political term, “Tory?” [8] I dont’t know. But I believe it unlikely that he is related to a number of other New England Rogerses that I have explored: Thomas Rogers of the Mayflower; the New London Descendants of St. John Rogers the martyr; James Rogers who founded Rogers Rangers; the British scholar John Rogers of Boston whose son became president of Harvard University. “Rogers” is one of the most
popular surnames in the British Isles, but if my ancestor is part of the Donegal clan whose name was Anglicized to “Rogers,” then he is not even distantly connected to the other New World Brits named Rogers.

Fox’s meticulous genealogies in the excerpt from his book only go back to 1830, and my ancestor Anthony Rogers was born in the 1730s in the New World. If he is from this people with one leg in the past, it may be difficult to find answers. But for now, I am busying myself searching for any records of 16th, 17th, or early 18th century immigrants from Ireland, especially with any of the Gaelic variations of the Rogers name, and I am trying to educate myself a little bit about the political and social forces at work in Donegal at the time, to determine whether, why, and
how, someone from “the Celtic fringe,” as Fox calls it, might travel, or be sent, to the British colonies in the New World. I have found nothing so far, but that could just be due to my ignorance about where to look.

Before I leave this topic, I want to share Robin Fox’s beautiful words about the name of the island:

tory text 1
tory text 2
tory text 3
tory text 4
tory text 5
[9]

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
[1] The Tory Islanders: A People on the Celtic Fringe, 1978, by Robin Fox,
Excerpt:
http://books.google.com/books?id=ymk5AAAAIAAJ&pg=PA1&dq=anthony+rogers
+tory&source=gbs_toc_r&cad=4#v=onepage&q=anthony%20rogers%20tory&f=false

[2] ibid.

[3] http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~mccreery/macdon.htm

[4] The Book of Irish Families, Great & Small, by Michael C. o’Laughlin,
Excerpt:
http://books.google.com/books?id=mZt3oGtk1KgC&pg=PA129&lpg=PA129&dq=mac
+ruaidhri+immigrant&source=bl&ots=osYvEkUlwu&sig=Jwa7UVDfD2w640LueTtCTJ-
!3
MRaQ&hl=en&sa=X&ei=l1m9U9nnPMm68QH_iIGICQ&ved=0CCoQ6AEwBQ#v=onepag
e&q=mac%20ruaidhri%20immigrant&f=false

[5] http://www.mcginleyclan.org/neighbouringclans.htm

[6] Fox book. See genealogy charts.

[7] http://tory.wikia.com/wiki/Patsy_Dan_Rodgers-_The_king

[8] Fox book. Prologue.

[9] ibid.

photo

hut

Tory Island cottage and its inhabitants, c. 1892
https://www.facebook.com/Culturalheritageireland

https://www.uni-due.de/DI/Dialects_Literature.htm

linguistics

Map showing the Irish-speaking areas which have been the object of major studies by scholars over the past century or so.

Getting Started

The Coming of the Loyalists, by Henry Sandham

The Coming of the Loyalists, by Henry Sandham

Well, my family history website is off to a good start. I am going to try to put a little something on most of the pages before I announce it to the family and give them the link, so that they will have something to look at when they visit.

I am going to use this page as a genealogy blog. This week, in addition to the exciting work of getting this site going, I have worked on a couple of things. I will describe one here and save the other for another post.

I have spent quite a bit of time this week searching for the parents of my 5th great grandfather Anthony Rogers, b. 1731 Simsbury, Hartford, CT, d. 1794 North Esk, New Brunswick, Canada. Anthony Rogers was a British Loyalist in the American Revolution, and in 1782 he relocated to Canada with at least one son, Edward Rogers, leaving his wife Zilpha Holcombe Rogers and his eldest son James Rogers behind. Edward had a son Anthony, who had a son George, who had a daughter Alice, who was the mother of my grandfather, John Rogers “Jack” Haberman. There is a lot of information available in the US about Zilpha Holcombe’s family, and there is a lot of information about Anthony Rogers in Canada. But I want to find out where Anthony came from, and what happened to Zilpha. Some of the information in Canada states that she died in Ct in 1776, but I find that suspicious. Other information states that she was too ill to travel so Anthony had to leave her behind, and leave James to care for her. I don’t know whether that is fact or just a nice legend. What I know for a fact is that Anthony went to Canada from New York and Zilpha was not with him.

I recently discovered that there was a Rogers on the Mayflower, but a little poking around revealed that it is unlikely that my Anthony descended from him. Drat! I would love to inform my mother that she won the grand prize of genealogical research in the United States, that being Mayflower lineage, and that she is connected through her father, a naturalized American citizen from Canada, who hails from a community of British Loyalists who left the colonies during the American Revolution. The irony would be absolutely delicious!

But I am most motivated to find out who Anthony’s parents were, however they got here, so when the Mayflower connection proved unlikely, I looked elsewhere, namely, in Connecticut. There is a Rogers family of New London, Connecticut that looked promising. Their clan contains a lot of the same given names that my Canada clan bears: George, Edward, John. The Rogerses of the Mayflower do not. This family is descended from St. John Rogers the Martyr of England, and, for better or worse, they founded the religious sect, the Rogerenes in New England.

This week, I found a book, “James Rogers of New London, Ct: And His Descendants” by James Swift Rogers. 1902. I went all through this book and there was not a single Anthony Rogers, and certainly not my Anthony Rogers.

So, I have reached a dead end. But that just makes the challenge all the more exciting. My ancestor Anthony Rogers, Loyalist, had parents, and I will find them.